somatostatin

somatostatin
= growth-hormone-release inhibiting factor
a hormone produced by the hypothalamus and some extraneural tissues, including the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas (see islets of Langerhans), that acts to inhibit the secretion of many hormones. For example, in the pituitary gland it inhibits the release of growth hormone (somatotrophin) and in the pancreas it suppresses secretion of insulin and glucagon. Somatostatin analogues are used to treat acromegaly (caused by overproduction of growth hormone) and to relieve the symptoms caused by hormone-secreting neuroendocrine tumours, including carcinoid tumours. They include lanreotide (Somatuline) and octreotide (Sandostatin), which are administered by injection; gastrointestinal upsets (e.g. nausea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhoea) are the most common side-effects.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Somatostatin — (also known as growth hormone inhibiting hormone (GHIH) or somatotropin release inhibiting factor (SRIF)) is a peptide hormone that regulates the endocrine system and affects neurotransmission and cell proliferation via interaction with G protein …   Wikipedia

  • Somatostatin — Masse/Läng …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • somatostatin — somatostatin. См. соматостатин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Somatostatin — Somatostatin, in den D Zellen der Langerhans Inseln, im Magen Darmtrakt und im Hypothalamus gebildetes Hormon aus 14 Aminosäuren, das in den Langerhans Inseln die Sekretion von Insulin und Glucagon, im Magen Darmtrakt die Freisetzung von Sekretin …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • somatostatin — [sō΄mə tə stat′ n] n. [ SOMATO + STAT + IN1] a hormone produced mainly in the hypothalamus and pancreas, or prepared synthetically, that inhibits the release of glucagon and insulin from the pancreas: used in treating diabetes …   English World dictionary

  • Somatostatin — A hormone widely distributed throughout the body, especially in the hypothalamus and pancreas, that acts as an important regulator of endocrine and nervous system function by inhibiting the secretion of several other hormones such as growth… …   Medical dictionary

  • Somatostatin — So|ma|to|sta|tin [Kurzw. aus ↑ Somatotropin u. ↑ statin], das; s, e; Syn.: Somatotropin Release Inhibiting Factor/Hormone (SRIF, SRIH), Growth Hormone Release Inhibiting Factor/Hormone (GH RIF/H, GHIF/H): ein Tetradecapeptid vom MG 1638 aus… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Somatostatin receptor 1 — Somatostatin receptor 1, also known as SSTR1, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: SSTR1 somatostatin receptor 1| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene Cmd=ShowDetailView TermToSearch=6751| accessdate = ] PBB Summary… …   Wikipedia

  • Somatostatin receptor 5 — Somatostatin receptor 5, also known as SSTR5, is a human gene. PBB Summary section title = summary text = Somatostatin acts at many sites to inhibit the release of many hormones and other secretory proteins. The biological effects of somatostatin …   Wikipedia

  • Somatostatin receptor 3 — Somatostatin receptor 3, also known as SSTR3, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: SSTR3 somatostatin receptor 3| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene Cmd=ShowDetailView TermToSearch=6753| accessdate = ] PBB Summary… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”